The Complete Guide for Cardiac Surgery in India all you need to know

Cardiac Surgery in India

In recent years, India has emerged as a global leader in cardiac surgery and cardiology, offering state-of-the-art treatments at a fraction of the cost compared to many Western countries. Patients worldwide are turning to India for high-quality cardiac care, drawn by the expertise of renowned surgeons, cutting-edge technology, and world-class facilities. This article delves into the landscape of cardiac surgery and cardiology in India, highlighting its excellence, affordability, and transformative impact on patients’ lives. We will also share some inspiring success stories of patients who have undergone cardiac procedures and cardiology treatments in India, further instilling confidence in the quality of care.

One critical advantage of India’s cardiac surgery and cardiology treatments is their affordability. The cost of cardiac procedures, including bypass surgery, angioplasty, valve repair or replacement, heart transplant, cardiology consultations, diagnostics, and treatments, is significantly lower compared to many Western countries. This makes India an attractive option for patients seeking quality cardiac care without the financial burden.

Overall, cardiac surgery and cardiology treatments in India offer a winning combination of world-class medical expertise, cutting-edge technology, affordability, and a supportive environment, making it a top choice for patients from around the globe seeking cardiac and cardiology care.

What is Cardiac Surgery?

Cardiac surgery, also known as cardiovascular surgery, is a specialised field of medicine focused on surgical procedures involving the heart and blood vessels. It encompasses various surgical interventions to treat various heart conditions and restore optimal cardiovascular system functioning. Cardiac surgery may include procedures such as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve repair or replacement, heart transplant, atrial septal defect closure, and coronary angioplasty, open heart surgery, among others. What’s unique about cardiac surgery in India is the highly skilled cardiac surgeons who, in collaboration with a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, ensure a comprehensive and supportive healthcare community. This collaborative approach fosters the best possible patient outcomes, enhancing their confidence in the treatment. The goal of cardiac surgery is to improve blood flow to the heart, repair or replace damaged heart valves, correct structural abnormalities, and ultimately enhance the overall function and health of the heart.

Cardiac Surgery

What are some types of heart surgery?

Bypass Surgery:

Bypass surgery and open heart surgery, formally known as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), is a crucial procedure employed to treat coronary artery disease. This surgical intervention is like building a new road for blood to flow, bypassing a blocked or narrowed coronary artery. Typically, a healthy blood vessel sourced from another part of the body, like the leg or chest, is utilised to graft onto the heart, creating this new path. Despite being a major surgical undertaking, heart bypass surgery is a game-changer. It aims to facilitate blood flow to the heart muscle, alleviate symptoms such as chest pain (angina), and mitigate the risk of a heart attack. Moreover, it can enhance overall heart function and elevate the quality of life for those undergoing the procedure, offering them a new lease on life.

Heart Valve Repair/Replacement Surgery

Heart valve repair or replacement surgery is a medical procedure used to treat various heart valve disorders, such as valve stenosis (narrowing) or regurgitation (leakage). During this surgery, the affected heart valve is either repaired or replaced with a mechanical or biological valve substitute. Repairing the valve may involve techniques to reshape or reinforce the tissue, whereas replacement involves removing the damaged valve and substituting it with a prosthetic valve.

The decision between repair and replacement depends on factors such as the severity of the valve disorder, the patient’s overall health, and other heart conditions. Valve repair is often preferred when feasible, as it preserves the native tissue and may offer better long-term outcomes. However, valve replacement may be necessary for severe damage or when a repair is impossible. Both procedures are complex and require specialised expertise, but they can significantly improve heart function, relieve symptoms, and enhance the patient’s quality of life. As with any surgery, risks involve infection, bleeding, and adverse reactions to anaesthesia, but advances in surgical techniques have improved success rates and reduced complications.

Angioplasty and Stent Placement Surgery

Angioplasty and stent placement surgery are standard procedures to treat narrowed or blocked arteries, typically caused by plaque buildup. During angioplasty, a thin, flexible tube called a catheter with a deflated balloon at its tip is threaded into the blocked artery. Once in place, the balloon is inflated, compressing the plaque against the arterial walls and widening the narrowed area, restoring blood flow to the heart muscle. This procedure alone may improve blood flow, but in many cases, a stent is also placed to help keep the artery open.

Aorta Graft Surgery

Aorta graft surgery, also known as aortic grafting or aortic aneurysm repair, is a surgical procedure used to treat aneurysms or other abnormalities of the body’s main artery. During the surgery, a section of the diseased or weakened aorta is replaced with a graft made of synthetic material or a piece of the patient’s blood vessel, such as a vein from the leg. The procedure may be performed through traditional open surgery or minimally invasive techniques, depending on the location and extent of the aortic problem. Aorta graft surgery is crucial for preventing potentially life-threatening complications such as rupture of the aneurysm, which can lead to severe internal bleeding. While the procedure carries risks like any surgery, including bleeding, infection, and adverse reactions to anaesthesia, it is often highly successful in repairing the aorta and restoring normal blood flow, thereby improving the patient’s overall health and reducing the risk of serious cardiovascular events.


A pericardiectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove part or all of the pericardium, the sac-like membrane surrounding the heart. This procedure is typically done to treat constrictive pericarditis, where the pericardium becomes thickened and rigid, restricting the heart’s ability to pump effectively. During a pericardiectomy, the surgeon makes an incision in the chest, carefully separates the pericardium from the heart and surrounding structures, and then removes the affected portion. This allows the heart to beat more freely and improves its ability to fill and pump blood effectively. Pericardiectomy is a complex procedure that requires careful consideration of the risks and benefits, and it may be performed using traditional open surgery or minimally invasive techniques, depending on the patient’s condition and other factors. While the surgery carries risks such as bleeding, infection, and complications related to anaesthesia, it can often relieve symptoms and improve the patient’s overall quality of life.

ASD Closure Surgery

ASD closure surgery, or atrial septal defect closure surgery, is performed to repair a hole in the atrial septum, the wall between the heart’s upper chambers. This hole, known as an atrial septal defect (ASD), is a congenital condition that can lead to abnormal blood flow between the chambers of the heart. During the surgery, the patient is placed under general anaesthesia, and the surgeon makes an incision in the chest to access the heart. The defect is then closed using a patch or device to prevent blood from flowing through the hole. The patch may be made of synthetic material or taken from the patient’s tissue. ASD closure surgery can be performed using traditional open-heart surgery techniques or minimally invasive methods, such as using a catheter to deliver the closure device to the heart. While the procedure carries risks like any surgery, including bleeding, infection, and adverse reactions to anaesthesia, it is often highly successful in repairing the defect and preventing complications such as heart failure or stroke. After the surgery, patients typically experience improved heart function and quality of life.

Implantation of Pacemaker

Pacemaker implantation is a medical procedure to treat abnormal heart rhythms or arrhythmias. It involves the insertion of a small device under the skin, typically in the chest area, which is connected to the heart via thin wires called leads. Before the procedure, patients undergo tests to assess their heart condition and overall health. During the procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision, creates a pocket for the pacemaker, threads the leads into the heart, connects them to the device, and tests its function. Afterwards, patients are monitored briefly in the hospital before resuming normal activities. Regular follow-up appointments are necessary to monitor the pacemaker’s function.

While pacemaker implantation is generally safe and effective, it carries risks and potential complications, including infection, bleeding, and lead displacement. These risks should be discussed with the healthcare team beforehand. Despite the possible dangers, pacemakers significantly improve the quality of life for individuals with certain heart conditions, helping to regulate their heart rhythms and prevent complications associated with arrhythmias.

Heart Transplant

A heart transplant is a complex surgical procedure where a diseased or failing heart is replaced with a healthy donor heart. Typically reserved for patients with end-stage heart failure or severe heart conditions, the surgery involves removing the patient’s damaged heart and replacing it with the donor’s heart. This procedure offers hope for improved quality of life and increased longevity, but it comes with risks, such as rejection of the donor organ and complications from immunosuppressive medications.

Following the transplant, patients undergo rigorous monitoring and must adhere to a lifelong regimen of medications to prevent rejection and manage potential complications. Despite these challenges, many recipients experience significant improvements in their health and well-being, highlighting the transformative potential of heart transplantation as a life-saving intervention for those with advanced heart disease.

What are the risks of heart surgery?

Cardiac treatments, like any medical intervention, carry risks that depend on the specific procedure and individual patient factors. Here are some potential risks associated with cardiac treatments:

  • Complications during the procedure (e.g., bleeding, vessel damage)
  • Infection at the incision site or within the chest cavity
  • Arrhythmias (irregular heart rhythms)
  • Formation of blood clots leading to blockages
  • Allergic reactions to medications or contrast agents
  • Heart valve complications (e.g., leakage, thrombosis)
  • Complications related to implanted devices (e.g., infection, malfunction)
  • Anaesthesia-related risks (e.g., allergic reactions, respiratory problems)
  • Rejection of implanted devices or materials

Patients must be aware of these risks and discuss them thoroughly with their healthcare providers before undergoing cardiac treatment.

Why Cardiac Surgery in India with RDA Tourism?

Cardiac surgery in India with RDA Tourism offers several advantages that attract patients worldwide. India is renowned for its world-class medical facilities, highly skilled cardiac surgeons, and state-of-the-art technology at significantly lower costs than many other countries. RDA Tourism specialises in medical tourism, facilitating seamless travel arrangements, including visa assistance, accommodation, and transportation, ensuring a stress-free experience for patients and their families.

Furthermore, India boasts internationally accredited hospitals with advanced cardiac care units and cutting-edge infrastructure. Patients can access a wide range of cardiac procedures, including bypass surgery, angioplasty, valve repair or replacement, and heart transplant, with high success rates. The country’s diverse culture, warm hospitality, and English-speaking medical staff further enhance the appeal of choosing India for cardiac treatment.

Additionally, RDA Tourism offers personalised care and support throughout the patient’s journey, from initial consultation to post-operative care, ensuring optimal recovery and satisfaction. With cost-effective options and superior medical expertise, cardiac surgery in India with RDA Tourism is a compelling choice for individuals seeking high-quality treatment and a memorable travel experience.

Cardiac Treatment Cost in India:

The cost of cardiac surgery in India can vary depending on the specific procedure, the hospital, and the patient’s medical needs. However, as a general estimate, the cost of standard cardiac procedures in India typically ranges from:

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG):

  • Cost in INR: Approximately 2,00,000 to 5,00,000 INR
  • Cost in USD: Approximately $2,800 to $7,000

Angioplasty (with or without stent placement):

  • Cost in INR: Approximately 1,50,000 to 3,50,000 INR
  • Cost in USD: Approximately $2,100 to $4,900

Heart Valve Replacement (Mechanical or Bioprosthetic):

  • Cost in INR: Approximately 3,00,000 to 7,00,000 INR
  • Cost in USD: Approximately $4,200 to $9,800

Heart Transplant:

  • Cost in INR: Approximately 20,00,000 to 40,00,000 INR
  • Cost in USD: Approximately $28,000 to $56,000

It’s important to note that these costs are approximate and can vary based on the hospital’s location, the surgeon’s expertise, the type of room chosen for accommodation, any additional medical tests or procedures required, and post-operative care. The exchange rate between INR and USD may also fluctuate, impacting the final cost for international patients.


India’s healthcare sector offers world-class treatment at a fraction of the cost compared to other countries, with high success rates and minimal waiting periods.

Absolutely. Indian cardiac surgeons undergo rigorous training and extensive experience, often trained at prestigious institutions worldwide.

The recovery period varies depending on the type of surgery and individual health conditions. Generally, patients can expect a gradual recovery over a few weeks to months.

Like any surgical procedure, cardiac surgery carries inherent risks such as infection, bleeding, or adverse reactions to anaesthesia. However, these risks are minimized through careful pre-operative assessment and meticulous surgical techniques.

Patients are usually advised to stay near the hospital for a certain period post-surgery to monitor recovery progress and address any immediate concerns before returning home.

Patients are typically advised to follow a heart-healthy diet low in saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium to promote cardiac health and aid recovery.

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